The Kingdom of Cambodia ratified the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation (Hague Convention) in respect of Inter-country Adoption (ICA) on 22 January 2007. Since ratification, Cambodia has developed and revised laws and policies on Inter-country Adoption to ensure that they are in line with The Hague Convention and international laws. Through cooperation and support from UNICEF and technical support from The Central Authorities of Canada and the Philippines, Cambodia established an Inter-country Adoption Law in December 3rd 2009 and has developed other regulatory frameworks to implement the law since 2011 until 2014.
Hague Convention has provisions to promote that ICA is implemented in the best interest of the child, with the first option to keep a child with their birth family if they are able to care for the child, or in a family in their birth country through domestic adoption and the last option to place a child in another country. The Hague Convention promotes cooperation between countries in order to prevent trafficking and promote the protection of children.