Inter-country Adoption has been implemented since 1987 up to the present. Cambodia has found permanent loving families for thousands of abandoned or orphaned children. These children are protected through the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and the laws of the receiving country.
Based on general principles of Inter-country Adoption (ICA), a child to be adopted is first provided support through the permanency planning and alternative care process to live with their birth family, or in another family through domestic adoption in Cambodia. If these options are not possible, a child is referred to be placed in ICA. This is the last option for permanent placement for the child.
In Inter-country Adoption, only full adoption that aims at creating a permanent parent-child relationship by providing the child with the same status, rights and obligations as a biological child of the adoptive parents.
The court and other competent authorities involved in the inter-country adoption shall ensure that during the adoption process the child who is capable of forming his or her own views (discerning) has been counseled and duly informed of the effects of the adoption taking into account the willingness of the child and give due weight to the child’s views for the best interest of the child.
The competent authorities involved in Inter-country Adoption procedures shall ensure that the inter-country adoption process does not result in unlawful financial gain and that the abduction of, sale and trafficking in children are prevented. Only expenses, fees and contributions prescribed by legal provisions in this law shall be paid.